The速递资讯 Central Economic Work Conference has recently emphasized that it is necessary to accelerate the construction of affordable housing construction, the construction of public infrastructure construction, and urban village reconstruction.Why start a new round of affordable housing planning?Who is the guarantee?Who will build it?How to manage?The reporter interviewed the person in charge of the relevant departments of the Ministry of Housing and Urban -Rural Development.
Why start: a major reform of reconstruction of the market and guarantee relationship
The National Development Bank has recently launched the first round of affordable housing loans in Fuzhou, and the new round of affordable housing planning was launched.
The person in charge of the relevant departments of the Ministry of Housing and Urban -Rural Development stated that the reason why a new round of affordable housing planning was launched because the "two -wheel drive" of commercial housing and affordable housing had a long and short situation.The proportion of housing supply is low, it cannot meet the demand, and there are obvious shortcomings.Especially in large and second -tier cities, due to the high housing prices, some wage income groups cannot afford commercial housing.Planning and construction of affordable housing is a major reform that adapts to the new requirements of Chinese -style modernization construction in the new situation, and improves the housing system and supply system, restructuring the market and guarantee relationship.
How is the new round of affordable housing planning different from the previous housing security system?The person in charge said that the original housing security system was based on public rental housing and affordable rental housing.Now, the construction of affordable housing is divided into two types of affordable housing: rental type and distribution type. Among them, the rental types include public rental housing, affordable rental housing, and distributed affordable housing.According to the requirements, the people's government must start with the housing problems of people with difficult wages, and reasonably determine the scope and access conditions according to the supply capacity, and gradually expand the scope to the entire wage income group.
Who guarantees: The current focus must ensure a good "two types of groups"
The new round of affordable housing planning and construction is not a copy of foreign models, but a reform of housing security models with Chinese characteristics. It is necessary to accelerate the establishment of a new model of "guarantee+market".So, who can apply for and how to apply for a sale -sale affordable housing?
The person in charge stated that the new round of affordable housing construction, in the family as the unit, the guarantee target can only purchase a set of affordable housing.Personnel, teachers, and medical staff, etc., are the "two types of groups".For conditions, other groups can be gradually covered.
At the same time, a prominent feature of a new round of affordable housing construction is to expand the new road of affordable housing.At present, the specific conditions for the purchase of affordable housing purchase depends on the planning and requirements of the local government's next step.The standard is to distribute according to factors such as the applicant's family income, housing, property and other factors. Starting from the most difficult groups, it gradually expands the scope.
How to build: Urban Party Committee and Government have the main responsibility
Accelerate the construction of affordable housing, so how to build such houses?Who will build it?The person in charge said that the fundamental purpose of planning and construction of affordable housing is to meet the basic housing needs of people in difficulties in housing. According to the requirements, the city party committee and government have the main responsibility for the planning and construction of affordable housing.
According to reports, most cities have reported to the construction plan and construction projects next year as required.Among them, many cities such as Shanghai, Jinan, Qingdao, Fuzhou, and Changsha have started a batch of projects.
At present, there are many difficulties facing affordable housing. Therefore, it is necessary to adhere to the problem -oriented and target -oriented guidance, and use the methods of reform and innovation to focus on solving a series of key issues such as how to build, how to build, how to balance funds, how to distribute, and how to manage.To this end, the number of construction of affordable housing will be established by the city government to "build it with needs" to scientifically and reasonably determine the supply scale.
The person in charge stated that there have been excess supply in some cities in some cities, and they can make full use of the construction of non -built land and judicial housing and land construction in accordance with the law.At the same time, supporting policies involving land, fiscal, taxation, and finance have been introduced one after another.
How to manage: Implement strict closed management
The new round of affordable housing planning and construction is also a characteristic of strict closed management.
The person in charge said that the distribution -type affordable housing clearly implements strict closed management, and it is forbidden to change the newly -built -sale -sale affordable housing to flow into the market into the market.
Affordable housing shall not be listed and traded and implemented strict closed management. It will be an important measure to distinguish between affordable housing and market -oriented housing, which can ensure the supply of affordable housing to the greatest extent.